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Bharatmala Project : Building World Class Highways for India

Bharatmala Project : Building World Class Highways for India


Bharatmala Project : Building World Class Highways for India

Dream project for India was initiated by Ex-Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee and present Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi is completing the project

Bharatmala project an extension of golden quadrilateral (NHDP) project started by NDA government during 1998-2004. The Bharatmala project has an ambitious target to build 83,677 km of

Honorable Ex Prime Minister of India Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Honorable Ex Prime Minister of India Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee

the highway network in the country next five years (2017-2022). This a flagship programme of present NDA government and will connect 550 districts of the country with an estimated cost of Rs 5.35 lakh  crores. The finances

of the project come from CRF (Central Road Fund) by levying a road cess on sell of petrol and diesel. They are utilising CRF to develop state roads, rural roads and upgrade the present network too. Overall control of the project is under ministry surface transport and executed by National Highway and Infrastructure Development Corporation of India (NHIDCL). On rough terrain they have roped in BRO (Border road Organisation) for construction. NHIDL will take up all the work in progress under NHDP under them and make Bharat mala a single umbrella organisation. The low response from the private player in financing, Government has pumped a very large amount of money in the project. In viable areas Government will auction operation of toll booths and ready roads to private players and generate income. Executing the road building project in different parts of the country is the biggest challenge for the all the related organisation to optimise the costs and meeting the stiff delivery schedules.

Honorable Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi

Honorable Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi

Cabinet gave the green signal to the path braking project on 26 October 2017 and it is one of the biggest highway building programmes in independent India. The plan of project implementation is in two phases the first phase will complete by December 2019 and construct 34,800 km long Highways. In phase II will construct remaining 48,877 km roads. Completion this project will change

change transportation model of the nation in positive way and our image in the world.

Work of highway construction is going on the considerable speed since then. This grand project will connect the remote areas of country to main highways and facilitate easy connectivity with ports and SEZs. In the first phase work begun in Gujarat and will spread to Rajasthan and then to Punjab. The aim is to connect all the Himalayan states from J&K, Himachal, Uttarakhand, Tarai of UP and Bihar and Manipur to Myanmar Border by high way network in Bharatmala. The idea is to bring the remote border areas, tribal belts and rural parts to mainstream by connecting to Highways. At, the same time the existing network is being upgraded under the project. This will reduce the time and the considerable increase in efficiency of logistics.  Government expects it that the supply chain cost will reduce from18{e7dc6fb6a411593559bed1d9924d8030d60fc3f24c9293f7c98c249df74a0c2f} to 6{e7dc6fb6a411593559bed1d9924d8030d60fc3f24c9293f7c98c249df74a0c2f}.  In addition, the modern network of state-of-the-art highway network will reduce time on travel and carbon signature of the country. But the biggest beneficiary is Armed forces offering them super mobility in case of emergency of High quality road network in Himalayan terrain.

Decongestion of 5000km of traffic points is also part of the project. Creating bypasses, ring roads and increasing the existing lanes will resolve the congestion. In, advance state of development Bharatmala will connect 24 logistic parks,66 inter corridors of 8000 km and 116 feeder routes of 7500km. It will double the freight carry  capacity to 80{e7dc6fb6a411593559bed1d9924d8030d60fc3f24c9293f7c98c249df74a0c2f} from the existing 40{e7dc6fb6a411593559bed1d9924d8030d60fc3f24c9293f7c98c249df74a0c2f}  at present. People in government have conceptualised Bharat mala project with the latent capacity to unleash the double digit GDP growth. A well-designed road infrastructure would attract big ticket foreign investment. In execution stage the project has created 100million man day work and will provide 22 million man days work due to economic activity associated on completing the project.

There is a special emphasize to connect the northeast India by roads. This includes seven inland ports on Brahmaputra and all the state capitals of North east. In an advanced stage a BIMSTEC corridor will form by connecting Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Thailand. It will go a long way to integrate the North-east states in inclusive growth of the Nation.

So far project has completed construction of 10000 km of Highway in year 2017-2018 at the rate of 27Km/day. The target is to complete another 10000 km of roads at the end-of-year 2018-2019 at the same rate. All the official processes for future targets are complete.

Bharatmala project and its strong implementation is a sign of Government’s commitment towards building a world class infrastructure. The project has shown a robust income generation potential and provided large employment to needy youths. Despite conceived after half of the tenure of the present Government was over the project has been performance indicator for the government. An indicator of efficiency, self reliance and corruption free practices. The tireless efforts to resolve the bottlenecks, effective feedback based implementation and judicious expenditure have propelled this project to success.

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